What is the Legal Drinking Age in Canada?

What is the Legal Drinking Age in Canada_

Canada, known for its picturesque landscapes, welcoming multiculturalism, and rich history, is also unique in how it legislates the drinking age. Unlike many countries that have a single national legal drinking age, Canada’s decision is left to its individual provinces and territories. This can lead to some confusion for visitors and residents alike.

A Brief History of the Drinking Age in Canada

The legal drinking age in Canada has seen several changes over the years. Historically, during World War I, the age limit was raised to deter consumption and ensure that the military had adequate young men to recruit. However, post-war, the age limit was often reverted back to pre-war standards. It wasn’t until the 1970s when many provinces raised the age limit in response to increasing traffic accidents related to alcohol consumption.

Drinking Age by Province and Territory

Here’s a breakdown of the legal drinking age across Canada’s provinces and territories:

  • Alberta, Manitoba, and Quebec: 18 years
  • British Columbia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Saskatchewan, and Yukon: 19 years

Why the Difference?

The primary reason for the disparity in drinking ages across provinces and territories is Canada’s Constitution. The Constitution Act of 1867 grants provinces the power to legislate on matters related to the sale and management of alcoholic beverages. As a result, each province and territory has established its own legal framework in line with its culture, values, and socioeconomic considerations.

Consequences of Underage Drinking

It’s crucial to be aware that violating the drinking age laws can result in severe penalties. This can range from fines and confiscation of the alcohol to potential criminal charges, especially if underage drinking results in harm or potential harm to oneself or others.

Health Implications

While the allure of alcohol might be strong, especially among the youth, it’s vital to recognize the health implications of early alcohol consumption. According to Canadian health studies, early and excessive alcohol consumption can:

  • Impede brain development in youths.
  • Increase the risk of developing chronic problems, including alcoholism, in later life.
  • Lead to poor decision-making and increased risk of accidents.


Q: Can I drink in one province if I’m of legal age but not in another?

A: Yes, but only within the province where you are of legal age. Once you cross provincial borders, you must adhere to that province’s legal drinking age.

Q: Is the legal age for purchasing alcohol the same as the legal drinking age?

A: Typically, yes. The age set by provinces and territories is generally the minimum age for both purchasing and drinking.

Q: Are there any exceptions to the legal drinking age?

A: Some provinces allow underage consumption for religious ceremonies. Always check with local laws and regulations.

Conclusion: Respect the Laws and Drink Responsibly

While the legal drinking age varies across Canada, the core message remains consistent: drink responsibly. Being of legal age doesn’t exempt one from the potential negative consequences of excessive alcohol consumption.

If you or someone you know struggles with alcohol dependency or misuse, remember you’re not alone. The Farm Rehab in Stouffville, Ontario, Canada, is committed to offering guidance and comprehensive addiction treatment programs to support individuals on their path to recovery. Our evidence-based approach ensures every individual receives the tailored care they need. Reach out today and embark on a journey towards a healthier tomorrow.


Government of Canada – Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction – Alcohol.

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